A proxy, or proxy server, acts as an intermediary between a client and a server, allowing users to access the internet indirectly through the proxy’s IP address. It enhances privacy, security, and access control.

How a Proxy Works

It provides a gateway between your device and the internet. When you use a proxy, your internet requests are sent to the proxy server first. The server then forwards these requests to the destination server (such as a website). Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of how a proxy works:

  1. Client Request:
  • When you attempt to access a website, your browser sends a request to the proxy server instead of directly connecting to the website.

2. Proxy Server Receives Request:

  • The server receives your request and processes it. Depending on its configuration, it might check its cache to see if it has a stored copy of the requested web page.

3. Forwarding the Request:

  • If the server does not have the requested content in its cache, it forwards the request to the destination server (the website you want to access).

4. Receiving the Response:

  • The destination server processes the request and sends the response back to the server.

5. Delivering the Response:

  • The server receives the response, caches it if necessary, and then forwards it to your device. Your browser then displays the web page.

Types of Proxies


  • An HTTP is designed for web traffic. It handles requests and responses for web pages, providing access control and caching.


  • An HTTPS is a secure version of the HTTP. It encrypts the data exchanged between the client and the server, enhancing security and privacy.


  • A SOCKS is more versatile and can handle various types of internet traffic, including web browsing, file transfers, and email.


  • A transparent proxy does not modify the request or response. It passes information to the client without altering it and is often used for content filtering.


  • An anonymous proxy hides the user’s IP address from the server, enhancing privacy by making the user’s online activities less traceable.


  • An elite proxy provides the highest level of anonymity by not revealing its use, ensuring that the user’s IP address remains hidden.


Understanding proxies and their various types, uses, and limitations can help individuals and organizations enhance their privacy, security, and internet access control.

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